hajj ritual stoning of the devil rami

Stoning of the Devil (Rami): A Profound Ritual of Hajj

The Stoning of the Devil, also known as Rami, is a significant ritual performed during the annual Hajj pilgrimage in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. This symbolic act holds deep historical and spiritual significance for Muslims worldwide. As part of the comprehensive Hajj journey, the Stoning of the Devil serves as a powerful reminder of the importance of rejecting evil and invoking Allah’s strength. Let’s delve into the details of this profound ritual and understand its importance in the context of Hajj.

Historical and Spiritual Significance

The Stoning of the Devil re-enacts the pilgrimage of Prophet Abraham (Ibrahim) to Mecca. According to Islamic tradition, when Allah commanded Abraham to sacrifice his son Ishmael (Ismail), Satan appeared three times, tempting him to disobey Allah’s command. However, Abraham remained steadfast in his faith and rejected Satan’s temptations by throwing stones at him.This ritual symbolizes the rejection of Satan and the invocation of Allah’s strength to overcome temptation and remain obedient to His will. It represents the eternal struggle between good and evil, reminding pilgrims of the importance of preserving their faith and resisting the temptation to disobey Allah.

Ritual Procedure


Before performing the Stoning of the Devil, pilgrims must collect pebbles at Muzdalifah, a holy site near Mecca. The pebbles should be roughly the size of a pea, and pilgrims typically gather 49 or 70 pebbles for the entire ritual.


The Stoning of the Devil takes place on the 10th, 11th, and 12th days of Dhul Hijjah, the last month of the Islamic calendar. Pilgrims stone three pillars known as Jamarat al-Ula (small), Jamarat al-Wusta (medium), and Jamarat al-Aqaba (large), which represent the three locations where Satan appeared to tempt Prophet Abraham.At each pillar, pilgrims throw seven pebbles, ensuring that the pebbles land in the designated pit. The act of throwing the pebbles symbolizes the rejection of Satan and the affirmation of one’s faith in Allah.

Mistakes to Avoid

Delegating the Ritual

Each pilgrim must perform the Stoning of the Devil themselves, as it is a personal act of worship. No one can delegate this ritual to someone else, except in cases of severe illness or disability.

Incorrect Beliefs

It is important to understand that the pillars themselves are not the devil. They merely represent the locations where Satan appeared to tempt Prophet Abraham. Additionally, the pebbles do not need to physically hit the pillars for the ritual to be valid.


Some pilgrims may engage in practices that are not part of the authentic Stoning of the Devil ritual. For example, washing the pebbles before throwing them is an innovation and not a requirement. Similarly, displaying emotional outbursts or anger during the ritual is not encouraged. Instead, pilgrims should focus on the prescribed dhikr (remembrance) of saying “Allahu Akbar” (Allah is the Greatest) with each pebble thrown.

Importance and Benefits

The Stoning of the Devil is a crucial component of the Hajj pilgrimage, and its completion is necessary for the Hajj to be considered valid. This ritual holds immense spiritual benefits for pilgrims, as it symbolizes the rejection of Satan and the invocation of Allah’s strength to overcome temptation and remain steadfast in faith.By participating in this ritual, pilgrims actively dissociate themselves from evil and replace it with a renewed commitment to Allah. The Stoning of the Devil serves as a powerful reminder of the importance of resisting temptation and remaining obedient to Allah’s commands.

Safety Considerations

Due to the large number of pilgrims participating in the Stoning of the Devil ritual, safety is a top priority. The Saudi authorities have implemented various measures to manage crowds and prevent stampedes, such as the construction of the multi-level Jamarat Bridge, which provides safe access to the pillars.Pilgrims are advised to perform the ritual at night or during less crowded times to avoid overcrowding and ensure their safety. It is crucial to follow the guidelines provided by the Hajj authorities and exercise patience and caution during the Stoning of the Devil.

Learn More – How to Perform Hajj Step by Step: A Comprehensive Guide


The Stoning of the Devil is a profound and meaningful ritual that holds great significance in the Hajj pilgrimage. By understanding its historical and spiritual context, as well as the proper procedures and safety considerations, pilgrims can fully appreciate the importance of this act of worship.As you embark on your Hajj journey, take the time to reflect on the lessons of the Stoning of the Devil and let it serve as a reminder of the constant struggle against temptation and the importance of remaining steadfast in your faith. May your Hajj be accepted, and may you find strength and guidance through this transformative experience.To learn more about the various aspects of Hajj, including its history, the preparation required, and the virtues and benefits of this sacred pilgrimage, visit Shepherds BD, a trusted resource for Hajj and Umrah information.

Contact Shepherds – Hajj and Umrah Agency.

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Tareq Hussain
Tareq Hussain